India’s skewed sex ratio a stiff challenge for Beti Bachao scheme (Live Mint summary 9th March 2018)

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India’s skewed sex ratio a stiff challenge for Beti Bachao scheme

Live mint

Context:

  • The Scheme is to increase the sex ration of girl child.
  • Our present PM has choose Jhunjhunu district in Rajasthan to announce the nationwide expansion of the government’s flagship Beti Bachao scheme.

Why Jhunjhunu district?

  • Jhunjhunu, part of the initial 100 districts chosen for a targeted launch of the scheme in early 2015, has catapulted from being the district with the worst sex ratio indicators in Rajasthan to one of the best, government officials claim.
  • The 2011 Census had pegged the district’s child sex ratio at 837 girls per 1,000 boys.
  • By December 2017, the ratio among newborns had improved to 955 girls per 1,000 boys, according to government figures.

About recent survey:

  • Economic Survey pointed towards this troubling trend, where families with girls keep having children till they have a male.
  • The survey called them ‘unwanted’ girls and pegged the number at 21 million.
  • A further 63 million ‘missing’ women didn’t even get the chance to be born. This is the enormity of the challenge that the Beti Bachao program faces.

Conclusion:

  • We have adopted an economic growth path where female workforce participation is low and women cannot find viable employment.
  • This is the single most important factor that separates India from Bangladesh or China.

“The prevailing sex ratio among wealthy urbanites is worse than poor rural dwellers.”