Legal Maxim-I

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www.iasinsights.in ; www.iasgyaan.com posts LEGAL MAXIM series. Proper understanding of these legal maxim helps for clarity in legal principles.

Legal maxim

  • A Legal Maxim is an established principle or proposition.
  • The Latin term, apparently a variant on maxima, is not to be found in Roman law with any meaning exactly analogous to that of a legal maxim in the Medieval or modern sense of the word, but the treatises of many of the Roman jurists on Regular definitions, and Sententiae juris are, in some measure, collections of maxims.
  • Most of the Latin maxims developed in the Medieval era in European countries that used Latin as their language for law and courts.
Legal maxim Meaning
A mensa et thoro From bed and board.
A vinculo matrimonii From the bond of matrimony.
Ab extra From outside.
Ab initio From the beginning.
Absoluta sententia expositore non indiget An absolute judgment needs no expositor.
Abundans cautela non nocet Abundant caution does no harm.
Accessorium non ducit sed sequitur suum principale An accessory does not draw, but follows its principal.
Accessorius sequitur One who is an accessory to the crime cannot be guilty of a more serious crime than the principal offender.
Acta exteriora iudicant interiora secreta   Outward acts indicate the inward intent.
Actio non accrevit infra sex annos The action has not accrued within six years.
Actio non datur non damnificato An action is not given to one who is not injured.
Actio personalis moritur cum persona A personal action dies with the person.
Actiones legis Law suits.
Actori incumbit onus probandi  The burden of proof lies on the plaintiff.
Actus nemini facit injuriam The act of the law does no one wrong.
Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea The act does not make one guilty unless there be a criminal intent.
Actus reus A guilty deed or act.