The Blue Revolution, encompassing multi-dimensional activities, focuses mainly on increasing production from aquaculture and fisheries resources, both inland and marine. The vast fishery resources offer immense opportunities to enhance fish production through aquaculture-system diversification, species diversification, proper management, introduction of new and advanced technologies in both marine and inland sector, adoption of scientific practices and application of suitable fish health management strategies etc.
Potential of Fisheries in India:
- India has over 7500 Km. of coastal line and nearly 2 million Sq Km of EEZ and half a million Sq Km. of Continental Shelf.
- From these marine resources, India has an estimated fisheries potential of 4.11 million tons.
- Similarly, 3.0 million hectares of reservoirs, 2.5 million hectares of ponds and tanks, 1.25 million hectares of brackish water area
- Cold water resources of hilly states and all other inland fishery resources offer a production potential of about 15 million tons.
- Considering the importance and growth potential of the sector, and considering the need for effective implementation of different schemes, the Ministry by merging all the existing schemes, has proposed to formulate an umbrella scheme ‘Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries’ with an outlay of Rs. 3000 crore.
This umbrella scheme will cover :
- Inland fisheries,
- Marine fisheries including deep sea fishing
- Mmari-culture and
- All activities undertaken by the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) towards realizing “Blue Revolution”.
Focused approach of this nature shall lead to ushering in Blue Revolution through an integrated development and management of fisheries and aquaculture sector and would ensure sustained acceleration and intensification of fish production beyond the projected annual growth rate.