www.iasinsights.in ;www.iasgyaan.com posts Featured article about World Wild life day which is observed on 3rd March every year.
World Wilde life day 2018
- March 3 is the day of the adoption of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), as World Wildlife Day.
- This is celebrated to raise awareness of the world’s wild fauna and flora.
- This is decided by The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
- 2018: The 2018 theme is “Big cats – predators under threat”.
- 2017: The 2017 theme is “Listen to the young voices”.
- 2016: The 2016 theme is “The future of wildlife is in our hands”, with a sub-theme “The future of elephants is in our hands”.
- 2015: The 2015 theme is “It’s time to get serious about wildlife crime”.
Major dangers to wildlife:
- Climate change.
- Unregulated Hunting and poaching.
- Over exploitation is the over use of wildlife and plant species by people for food, clothing, pets, medicine, sport and many other purposes.
- Population: The increasing population of human beings is the major threat to wildlife.
Wildlife conservation as a government involvement:
- In 1972, the Government of India enacted a law called the Wild Life (Protection) Act.
- In America, the Endangered Species Act of 1973 protects some U.S. species that were in danger from over exploitation, and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES) works to prevent the global trade of wildlife, but there are many species that are not protected from being illegally traded or being over-harvested.
- The objectives of conservation and requirements for their achievement:
- Maintenance of essential ecological processes and life-support systems.
- Preservation of genetic diversity that is flora and fauna.
- Sustainable utilization of species and ecosystems.
- Priorities for national action:
- A framework for national and sub-national conservation strategies.
- Policy making and the integration of conservation and development.
- Environmental planning and rational use allocation.
- Priorities for international action:
- International action: law and assistance.
- Tropical forests and dry lands.
- A global programme for the protection of genetic resource areas.
- Map sections:
- Tropical forests
- Deserts and areas subject to desertification.
Active non-government organization:
Many NGO’s exist to actively promote, or be involved with wildlife conservation:
- The Nature Conservancy is a US charitable environmental organization that works to preserve the plants, animals, and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on Earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive.
- World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization working on the issues regarding the conservation, research and restoration of the environment, formerly named the World Wildlife Fund, which remains its official name in Canada and the United States.
- Wild Team.
- Wildlife Conservation Society.
- Audubon Society.
- Traffic (conservation programme).
- Born Free Foundation.
- Save Cambodia’s Wildlife.
- Wild Earth Guardians.
Wild life conservation Act 1972:
- “animal”includes amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles, and their young ones, and also includes, in the cases of birds and reptiles, their eggs.
- “animal article”means an article made from any captive or wild animal, other than vermin, and includes an article or object in which the whole or any part of such animal has been used and an article made therefrom.
(a) capturing, killing, poisoning, snaring, or trapping any wild animal, and every attempt to do so
(b) driving any wild animal for any of the purposes specified in sub clause
(c) injuring, destroying or taking any body part of any such animal, or in the case of wild birds or reptiles, disturbing or damaging the eggs or nests of such birds or reptiles.
- “taxidermy”means the curing, preparation or preservation of trophies.
- “trophy”means the whole or any part of any captive or wild animal (other than vermin) which has been kept or preserved by any means, whether artificial or natural. This includes:
(a) rugs, skins, and specimens of such animals mounted in whole or in part through a process of taxidermy
(b) antler, horn, rhinoceros horn, feather, nail, tooth, musk, eggs, and nests and shells.
- “uncured trophy”means the whole or any part of any captive animal (other than vermin) which has not undergone a process of taxidermy. This includes a freshly killed wild animal, ambergris, musk and other animal products.
- “vermin”means any wild animal specified in Schedule V.
- “wildlife” includes any animal, bees, butterflies, crustacean, fish and moths; and aquatic or land vegetation which forms part of any habitat.
Section 9 (Hunting) :
- This section describes what constitutes hunting and the intent to hunt. Hunting wild animals is prohibited.
Section ( 40 & 42) Ownership:
- Regarding ownership issues and trade licences . Ownership will be not transfer to another party he also a regarding issues to trade licence.
Section 51( Penalties):
- Penalties are prescribed in section 51. Enforcement can be performed by agencies such as the Forest Department, the Police, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB), the Customs and the Central Bureau of Investigation(CBI).
- Chargesheets can be filed directly by the Forest Department. Other enforcement agencies, often due to the lack of technical expertise, hand over cases to the Forest Department.
- Conserving wildlife is not only responsibility for Government it’s responsible for human also, we should not disturb the life cycle of wild animals.