Art, Architecture and Sculpture (Snippets for Prelims)

www.iasinsights.in ; www.iasgyaan.com posts about Snippets of Art & Culture for prelims quick revision. It does not cover the whole chapter.Going through complete lesson is mandatory. 

Art & Culture

Art, Architecture and Sculpture

Important Caves

Caves Place/State Importance
Barabara and Nagarjuni Gaya/Bihar Donated to Ajivika sects
Elephanta Mumbai Brahmanical temples flanked by elephant statues
Kanheri Konkan Buddhist Chaitya
Jogeswari Salsette/ Maharashtra Mahayan Architecture
Montpezir Maharashtra Portuguese settlement ruins
Karle Maharashtra Hinayana Chaitya
Bhaja Maharashtra 18 Buddhist caves built for nuns
Bedsa Maharashtra Chaitya supported by Elephant Carved pillars
Ellora Aurangabad Rashtrakuta and Chalukya temples
Ajanta Aurangabad Fresco Paintings
Aihole and Badami Karnataka Consists of 70 temples of Nagar style of different religions
Nasik Maharashtra 23 Buddhist caves
Junagarh Gujarat Buddhist caves
Bagh Madhya Pradesh (Malwa) Frescos and stone Sculpture
Undavalli Andhra Pradesh Granite Vishnu Statue
Udayagiri and Khandagiri Odisha Built by Kharavela for Jaina monks

 

Important Monument/Structure

Monument/Structure Ruler Location
Quwat-Ul-Islam Qutubuddin Aibak Delhi
Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra Qutubuddin Aibak Ajmer
Qutub Minar Qutubuddin Aibak,

Iltutmish

Delhi
Tomb of Iltutmish Iltutmish Delhi
Sultan Garhi Iltutmish Delhi
Balban’s Tomb Balban Delhi
Alai Darwaja Alauddin Khalji Delhi
Siri Alauddin Khalji Delhi
Hauz Khas Alauddin Khalji Delhi
Mahal Hazaar sitoon Alauddin Khalji Delhi
Jamait Khana Mosque Alauddin Khalji Delhi
Tughlaqabad Fort Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq Delhi
Tomb of Khan-i-Jahan Maqbul Jauna Shah Delhi
Tomb of Sikander Lodhi Ibrahim Lodhi Delhi
Jhanjhr Mosque Ibrahim Shah Sharqi Jaunpur
Lal Darwaza Mosque Hussain Shah Sharqi Jaunpur
Atala Devi Masjid Ibrahim Shah Sharqi Jaunpur
Jami Masjid Ahmedshah Gujarat
Tomb of Ahmedshah Muhammed Shah Gujarat
 Nagina Mosque Mahmud Begarah Gujarat
 Jami Masjid Husang Shah Malwa
Hindola Mahal Husang Shah Malwa
Jahaz Mahal Mahmud-I Malwa
Tomb of Husang Shah Mahmud-I Malwa
Palaces of Baaz Bahadur and Rupamati Nasiruddin Shah Malwa
Adina Mosque Sikandar Shah Bengal
Bara Sona Masjid Nusrat Shah Bengal
Qadam Rasool Masjid Nusrat Shah Bengal
Char Minar Quli Qutubshah Deccan
Jami Masjid (Gulbarga) Alauddin Bahman Shah   Deccan
Gole Gumbad Muhammed Adil Shah Deccan
Kabulibagh Mosque Babur Panipat
Jam-I-Masjid Ruhelkhand Sambhal
Fatehabad Mosque Humayun Punjab
Dinpanah city Humayun Delhi
Tomb of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Sasaram (Bihar)
Qila-i-khuna Mosque Sher Shah Delhi
Purana Qila Sher Shah Delhi
Humayun’s Tomb Hamida Begum Delhi
Agra Fort Akbar Agra
Jahangiri Mahal Akbar Agra
Lahore Fort Akbar Lahore
Fatehpur Sikri Akbar Sikri near Agra
Diwan-i-Am Akbar Fatehpur Sikri
Diwan-i-khas Akbar Fatehpur Sikri
Buland Darwaza Akbar Fatehpur Sikri
Jodha Bai Palace Akbar Fatehpur Sikri
Panch Mahal Akbar Fatehpur Sikri
Jami Masjid Akbar Fatehpur Sikri
Salim Chishti’s Tomb Akbar Fatehpur Sikri
Akbar’s Tomb Sikandra Jahangir
Tomb of Itimadud Daula Nur Jahan Agra
Jahangir’s Tomb Nur Jahan Lahore
Diwan-i-Am Shah Jahan  Agra
Diwan-i-khas Shah Jahan Agra
Rang Mahal Shah Jahan Agra
Moti Masjid Shah Jahan Agra
Red Fort Shah Jahan Delhi
Jama Masjid Shah Jahan Delhi
Taj Mahal Shah Jahan Agra
Shahjahanabad Shah Jahan Delhi
Shah Burj Shah Jahan Lahore
Rabia Ud Dawan’s Tomb Aurangzeb Aurangabad
Badshahi Mosque Aurangzeb Lahore
Moti Masid Aurangzeb Delhi

 

Important Sculptures

Sculpture Features Place
Caves Ancient most, Influenced by religious practices  
Pillar Adornes Ashokan Edicts Rampurva, Sarnatha
Stupa Buddhist religious architecture Sanchi, Amaravati
Carved Railings Adornes Stupas Amaravati
Gandhara Art First statue of Buddha a mixture of India and Greek Method Peshawar region and Afghanistan
Mathura School Richly decorated deities of all religion Mathura
Hindu Art Hindu temples of Nagara and Sikhara styles Vidisa, Deogarh, Tigawa, Eran, Aihole, Rajgriha
Pala School Fine Hindu and Buddhist statues Nalanda, Bodh Gaya
Hoyasala  Art Mature plan and general arrangement Mysore, Talakad, Halebid
Chandela School Erotic Sculpture Khajuraho
Vijaya Nagar School Decorated Pillared Halls Hampi
Nayak School Temple Complex Madurai
Rajasthan School High Platforms and miniature towers Mt. Abu
Chalukyan school (Vesera)   Dravida Styles, Chittor Aihole, Pattdakal
Pallava school Monolithic temples Mahabalipuram
Chola school (Dravid) Gopurams or Gates Tanjore
Indo-Islamic Arch, domes, vaultes, gardens, marble use pietradura Delhi, Agra, Jaunpur, Bengal, Hyderabad.

 

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