UPSC Daily Current Affairs- 28th June 2018

www.iasinsights.in; www.iasgyaan.com posts UPSC Daily current Affairs – 28th June 2018. This info is taken from News papers, PIB, AIR News and Summarized for your easy understanding.

Daily Current Affairs- 28th June 2018

GS – II (Indian Affairs)

Solar Charkha Mission

Why it is in News?

  • President Ram Nath Kovind launched Solar Charkha Mission under which Government will disburse subsidy of Rs 550 crore to thousands of artisans, generating employment in rural areas.
  • It was launched during the event of Udyam Sangam (National MSME Conclave) on the occasion of World MSME Day (observed on 27 June).

Key facts:

  • Under this mission, Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) will cover 50 clusters across the country including in the Northeast and each cluster will employ 400 to 2,000 artisans.
  • Its ultimate aim is to generate employment in rural areas and contribute to the green economy.
  • It also aims at linking five crore women across the country to the initiative.
  • The mission is expected to create one lakh jobs during the first two years.

Women Entrepreneurs Platform

Why it is in news?

  • NITI Aayog’s Women Entrepreneurs Platform (WEP) has signed five separate Statement of Intent (SoIs) with Financial Institutions & Social Organisations to create opportunities and support women entrepreneurs.

Key facts:

  • WEP was launched by NITI Aayog on the occasion of International Women’s day (March 8, 2018).
  • Its objective to b build vibrant ecosystem for women across country to help realise their entrepreneurial aspirations, scale-up innovative initiatives and chalk-out sustainable, long-term strategies for their businesses.
  • It also aims to power vibrant entrepreneurial ecosystem through an enabling network of industry collaborations, partnerships, mentors and peer-to-peer connect.
  • It also seeks to address bottlenecks faced by both aspiring and established women entrepreneurs by streamlining information across government and private sector schemes and initiatives with informative, interactive website as a dedicated resource and knowledge base.
  • WEP aspires to substantially increase number of women entrepreneurs to create and empower dynamic new India by opening up avenues of growth and opportunity for women entrepreneurs.
  • These aspirations of women entrepreneurs are manifested in three pillars on which WEP is built: Ichha Shakti: Motivating aspiring entrepreneurs to start their enterprise; Gyaan Shakti: Providing knowledge and ecosystem support to women entrepreneurs to help them foster entrepreneurship; Karma Shakti: Providing hands-on support to entrepreneurs in setting-up and scaling up businesses.

GS – II (Governance)

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016

Why it is in News?

  • The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, is intended to be supportive of religious minorities facing persecution in neighbouring Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Key facts:

  • In the updating of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) the Supreme Court has set June 30 as the deadline  as well as the citizenship amendment bill, there is an illusion of unilateralism that marks Indian policy.
  • In diplomatic meetings with Bangladesh, the same politicians are reluctant to broach the subject of unauthorised migration. They pretend that India has no such problem with Bangladesh.
  • The NRC exercise and the citizenship amendment bill, in their eyes, are meant only to serve domestic constituencies; they do not belong to the high table of diplomacy and strategic affairs.
  • The Indian approach to the minority question has not always been so insensitive to regional dynamics.
  • The illusion of unilateralism is of relatively recent vintage.
  • The two governments not only made a commitment to mutual accountability, the Pact even provided an institutional infrastructure including provincial and district minority boards to address the concerns of threatened minorities.

Petroleum Reserves at Chandikhol and Padur

Why it is in News?

  • The Union Cabinet has approved establishment of additional 6.5 Million Metric Tonne (MMT) Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) facilities at Chandikhol in Odisha and Padur in Karnataka.
  • It also approved construction of dedicated SPMs (Single Point Mooring) for the two SPRs.

Key facts:

  • The SPR facilities at Chandikhol and Padur will be underground rockcaverns.
  • They will have capacities of 4 MMT and 2.5 MMT respectively.
  • These facilities will provide an additional supply of about 12 days of petroleum reserves and is expected to augment India’s energy security.
  • They will be built up project under Public Private Partnership (PPP) model to reduce budgetary support of Government of India.
  • The terms and conditions of such PPP participation will be determined by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in consultation with Ministry of Finance after conducting road shows to elicit requirements of market, including prospective investors.
  • They are maintained by Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd (ISPRL), a special purpose vehicle (SPV), which is wholly owned subsidiary of Oil Industry Development Board (OIDB) under Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.

Cooperation on Maritime Awareness Mission.

Why it is in News?

  • The Union Cabinet has approved Implementing Arrangement (IA) between India and France for pre-formulation studies of Maritime Domain Awareness Mission signed in March 2018.
  • The proposed joint mission will be devoted to maritime domain awareness, with objective to provide relevant data and services to both nations.

Key words:

  • The objective of the mission is to monitor the maritime traffic and identify non-compliant ships at maximum possible revisit frequency.
  • The monitoring system will provide end to end solution for detection, identification, monitoring of vessels in the regions of interest for India and France.
  • As per the IA, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and France’s Centre Nationale Dètudes Spatiales (CNES), will jointly undertake various activity during these pre-formulation studies.
  • They will present pre-formulation concept study results to respective senior management for review within one year of its

Higher Education Commission of India

Why it is in News?

  • A Higher Education Commission of India (Repeal of University Grants Commission Act) Bill 2018 which seeks to repeal UGC Act and provides for setting up of Higher Education Commission of India has been prepared by the Ministry of HRD.

Key Facts:

  • The focus of the Commission will be on improving academic standards and quality of higher education, specifying norms for learning outcomes, lay down standards of teaching/research etc.
  • It will provide a roadmap for mentoring of institutions found failing in maintaining the required academic standards.
  • The Commission will encourage higher education institutions to formulate a Code of Good Practices covering promotion of research, teaching and learning.
  • The Commission will also specify norms and processes for fixing of fee chargeable by higher education institutions and advice the Central Government or the State Governments, as the case may be, regarding steps to be taken for making education affordable to all.
  • The Commission will monitor, through a national data base, all matters covering the development of emerging fields of knowledge and balanced growth of higher education institutions in all spheres and specially in promotion of academic quality in higher education 

GS – III (Science and Technology)

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Why it is in news?

  • India has announced it will increase for the next four years the money it pays to the Global Environment Facility (GEF), a mechanism to provide grants for environment projects. India will increase its commitments from $12 million to $15 million to the GEF’s new four-year investment cycle, known as GEF-7.

Key facts:

  • The Global Environment Facility was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems.
  • It is an international partnership of 183 countries, international institutions, civil society organizations and the private sector that addresses global environmental issues.
  • GEF funds are available to developing countries and countries with economies in transition to meet the objectives of the international environmental conventions and agreements.
  • The World Bank serves as the GEF Trustee, administering the GEF Trust Fund.
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