UPSC Daily Current Affairs Prelims Exercise- 1st July 2018

www.iasinsights.in ; www.iasgyaan.com posts DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS PRELIMS Exercise.Questions are picked from various sources across like The Hindu, PIB, other leading newspapers.

 PRELIMS QUESTIONS FROM DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS – 1st July 2018

  1. Consider the following statements

i) The Union Government had constituted the Islands Development Agency on June 1st, 2017, 26 islands have been listed for holistic development and ministry of culture made a presentation on the elements of holistic development

ii) The Prime minister chaired the first meeting of the newly constituted Islands Development Agency

Which of the above statements is/are true about Islands Development Agency?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer:d

Explanation:

  • The Union Government had constituted the Islands Development Agency on June 1st, 2017. 26 islands have been listed for holistic development.
  • NITI Aayog made a presentation on the elements of holistic development, including key infrastructure projects, digital connectivity, green energy, desalination plants, waste management, promotion of fisheries, and tourism-based projects.
  • The Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh chaired the first meeting of the newly constituted Islands Development Agency (IDA)
  1. Consider the following statements

i) Victorian and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai  has been inscribed on  UNESCO’s World Heritage list which  makes Mumbai city the first city in India on the World Heritage List. 

ii) India now has overall 37 World Heritage Inscriptions with 29 Cultural, 06 Natural and 02 Mixed sites. While India stands first largest in number in terms of number of World Heritage properties in ASPAC (Asia and Pacific) region.

Which of the above statements is/are not true about UNESCO’s World Heritage list?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer:c

Explanation:

  • Victorian and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai  has been inscribed on  UNESCO’s World Heritage list. The decision was taken at the 42nd session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO at Manama in Bahrain today.
  • This makes Mumbai city the second city in India after Ahmedabad to be inscribed on the World Heritage List. In the past 5 years alone, India has managed to get inscribed seven of its properties/sites on the World Heritage List of UNESCO.
  • India now has overall 37 World Heritage Inscriptions with 29 Cultural, 07 Natural and 01 Mixed sites. While India stands second largest in number after China in terms of number of World Heritage properties in ASPAC (Asia and Pacific) region, it is overall sixth in the world.
  1. Consider the following statements

i) Bahrain is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf and It is an island country consisting of a small archipelago centered around Bahrain Island, situated between the Qatar peninsula and the south western coast of Saudi Arabia

ii) In size, making it the third-smallest nation in Asia after the Maldives and Singapore.

Which of the above statements is/are true about Bahrain?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer:b Related image

Explanation:

  • Bahrain is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
  • It is an island country consisting of a small archipelago centered around Bahrain Island, situated between the Qatar peninsula and the north eastern coast of Saudi Arabia, to which it is connected by the 25-kilometre (16 mi) King Fahd Causeway.
  • It is the third-smallest nation in Asia after the Maldives and Singapore.
  1. Consider the following statements

i) Helium-3 is a light, non-radioactive isotope of helium with two protons and one neutron and it is the only stable isotope of any element with more protons than neutrons.

ii) Helium-3 is also thought to be a natural nucleogenic and cosmogenic nuclide, one produced when lithium is bombarded by natural proton, which can be released by spontaneous fussion and by nuclear reactions with cosmic rays.

Which of the above statements is/are true about Helium-3?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer:a

Explanation:

  • Helium-3 (He-3, also written as 3He, see also helion) is a light, non-radioactive isotope of helium with two protons and one neutron (common helium having two protons and two neutrons)
  • It is the only stable isotope of any element with more protons than neutrons.
  • IToccurs as a primordial nuclide, escaping from the Earth’s crust into the atmosphere and into outer space over millions of years. Helium-3 is also thought to be a natural nucleogenic and cosmogenic nuclide, one produced when lithium is bombarded by natural neutrons, which can be released by spontaneous fission and by nuclear reactions with cosmic rays.
  1. Consider the following statements

i) The General Conference consists of the representatives of the States Members of the Organization. It meets every two years, and is attended by Member States and Associate Members, together with observers for non-Member States, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations

ii) The working languages of the General Conference are Arabic , English, French, German and Spanish.

Which of the above statements is/are true about governing body of UNESCO?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer:a

Explanation:

  • The General Conference consists of the representatives of the States Members of the Organization. It meets every two years, and is attended by Member States and Associate Members, together with observers for non-Member States, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
  • The General Conference determines the policies and the main lines of work of the Organization. Its duty is to set the programmes and the budget of UNESCO. It also elects the Members of the Executive Board and appoints, every four years, the Director-General. The working languages of the General Conference are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
  1. Consider the following statements

i) The Financial Action Task Force is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of the G20 to develop policies to combat money laundering.

ii) In 2001 its mandate expanded to include terrorism financing. The FATF Secretariat is housed at the OECD headquarters in Geneva.

Which of the above statements is/are true about Financial Action Task Force?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer: D

Explanation:

  • The Financial Action Task Force is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of the G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.
  • In 2001 its mandate expanded to include terrorism financing.
  • The FATF Secretariat is housed at the OECD headquarters in Paris.
  1. Consider the following statements

i) Mount Agung or Gunung Agung is a volcano in Bali,southeast of Mt Batur volcano, also in phi phi island.

ii) Gunung Agung shield volcano is the highest point on Bali. It dominates the surrounding area, influencing the climate, especially rainfall patterns.

Which of the above statements is/are not true about Gunung Agung?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer:c

Explanation:

  • Mount Agung or Gunung Agung is a volcano in Bali, Indonesia, southeast of Mt Batur volcano, also in Bali. Gunung Agung stratovolcano is the highest point on Bali.
  • It dominates the surrounding area, influencing the climate, especially rainfall patterns.
  1. Consider the following statements

i) The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was set up in March 2007 as a non statutary body

ii) The Commission’s Mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India only,where Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 14 years age group.

Which of the above statements is/are true  about the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer:d

Explanation

  • The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was set up in March 2007 under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005, an Act of Parliament (December 2005).
  • NCPCR is a statutory body under the CPCR Act,2005 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development ,Government of India.
  • The Commission’s Mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.
  1. Consider the following statements

i) Providing basic facilities/amenities to tourists visiting centrally protected temples and monuments

ii) The Archaeological Survey of India undertakes the scheme.

Which of the above statements is/are not true about  Adarsh Smarak?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d)none

Answer:d

Explanation:

  • Providing basic facilities/amenities (e.g. drinking water, toilet blocks, facilities for physically challenged, pathways, cultural notice boards/signage, vehicle parking, cloak rooms, etc.) to tourists visiting centrally protected temples and monuments and sites are the regular activities which the Archaeological Survey of India undertakes.
  • Basic public facilities are available at all World Heritage Sites and ASI’s ticketed monuments, as also at majority of those protected monuments that are visited by a large numbers of tourists.
  • Further, Archaeological Survey of India has identified 100 monuments as “Adarsh Smarak” for up gradation of existing facilities/amenities like Wi-Fi, cafeteria.
  1. Consider the following statements

i) A third species of orangutan was announced in November, 2017. With no more than 800 individuals, the Tapanuli orangutan is the most endangered of all great apes.

ii) Under the IUCN Status is Endangered

Which of the above statements is/are  not true about orangutan?

Options:

a) i only

b) ii only

c) i&ii

d) none

Answer:b

Explanation:

  • A third species of orangutan was announced in November, 2017. With no more than 800 individuals, the Tapanuli orangutan is the most endangered of all great apes with no more than 800 individuals in existence.
  • Known for their distinctive red fur, orangutans are the largest arboreal mammal, spending most of their time in trees. These great apes share 96.4% of our genes and are highly intelligent creatures.
  • IUCN Status is Critically Endangered

 

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