India in space-I (Mains special)

www.iasinsights.in; www.iasgyaan.com posts about India in Space series. Under this series we will emphasis on learning about Indian space activities.

India in space-I

Q:Where does the story of Indian space research begin?

  • The story of Indian space research program can be traced back to the head II days after independence when Indian scientist and politicians released that a huge country like India needed to have its own satellites in space in the field of Remote sensing and communication
  • Accordingly Dr Vikram Sarabhai founded the physical research laboratory in 1947 at Ahmedabad.
  • India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru also shown the importance of scientific development and research for the growth of the nation and so in 1961 space research became an important part of the Department of Atomic Energy of which Dr Homi Bhabha was the first Chairman
  • In 1962 Dr Baba established the Indian National committee for Space Research known as INCOSPAR, with Dr Sarabhai as chairman.Thus  India’s space programme was launched.
Q: Why was the space research programme started?
  • After World War II if, the USA and the Soviet Union were in a race to reveal mysteries of space
  • The very first satellite Sputnik 1 was launched by Soviet Union on 4th October 1957 and this was followed by the launch of Explorer 1 by USA.
  • The next step was a series of Lunar probe send in 1959 the first photographs of far side of the Moon was by Lunar-3
  • The sense of excitement created by these discoveries by reflection in Indian own space research program, the Department of Atomic Energy have provided funding for Space Research throughout India and established Uttar Pradesh state observatory in 1954, and the Rangapur observatory 1957.
  • This institution was supported technically by the USA and by the passion for science that was the Hallmark of first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Q: What was the earliest experiments of India in rocket technology?
  • Amazingly Indians were experimenting with rocket rocket technology in ancient times
  • The Chinese were the first in this field and because of the extension trade between India and China in those days,their ideas for to India too.
  • Rockets were used for military purposes by both Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, the rulers of Mysore.
  • This rockets were successfully used in Anglo- Mysore Wars.
  • These rocket was so impressive the British decided to develop their own rockets.
  • In fact several Mysore rocket were sent to England and they inspired William Congreve to invent the Congreve Rocket in 1806.
  • The Congreve rocket is considered to be the procedure of modern artillery rockets.
Congreve rocket
It was first used in 1806.It was an improvement over the Mysore rocket and was used very successfully during the Napoleonic Wars.
Q: Which are some of the earlier names associated with Indian space research
  • One of the first names that comes to mind when thinking of the path of the Indian Space Research program is that of SK Mitra
  • He conducted a series of experiments in 1920 about the ionosphere a reason of upper atmosphere that extends between 85 to 600 km in altitude.
  • Sir CV Raman and Meghnath Saha also main important contributions to the space Sciences.
  • Big strides forward were taken after 1945 un-organised space research in India was spearheaded by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai and Dr Homi Bhabha
  • Dr Vikram Sarabhai founded the physical research laboratory Hyderabad in 1947 and Dr.  Homi Bhabha played a key role in establishing the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research 1945
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