UPSC Daily Current Affairs-8th July 2018

www.iasinsights.in; www.iasgyaan.com posts UPSC Daily current Affairs -8th July 2018. This info is taken from News papers, PIB, AIR News and Summarized for your easy understanding.

Daily Current Affairs -8th July 2018

GS-I (Geography)

Indo-US Indian Ocean mission seeks to solve a monsoon mystery
  • The Indian Ocean Research Vessel, ‘Sagar Nidhi’, will set out from Chennai on Friday as part of an Indo-US expedition seeking to find answers to the vagaries of the Bay of Bengal-fed southwest monsoon
  • It accounts for 70% of India’s annual rainfall.

How?

  • It will sail for a month collecting data on ocean conditions at different depths and locations and study the underlying principles of interaction of the uppermost layer of the ocean with the atmosphere.
  • It focuses on complex mechanics of monsoons.

why this project?

  • The intra-seasonal variability of the monsoon is a major problem in India, where long dry spells have been associated with droughts, while long wet spells have caused floods, landslides, loss of life and damage to property.
  • Skillful prediction of these varying patterns could help officials prepare better for the monsoon each year.
  • Current atmospheric models do not get physics of tall monsoon clouds right.
  • These deep clouds are not well-represented in the computer models. Secondly, the interaction of atmosphere with the ocean is also not well-represented.
  • Scientists on the ship will also release radiosondes—types of instrument packages attached to weather balloons to gather meteorological data.

Challenge:

  • The biggest challenge is the unpredictability of the weather phenomenon, including, crucially, why there are breaks in the June-September rainy season.

History

  • The research project, which began in 2013, is funded by the ministry of earth sciences, under the National Monsoon Mission, and the US Office of Naval Research, which has been working with institutions such as Sri Lanka’s National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency.

GS-II (Governance) 

National Testing Agency to be setup.

  • The Union Cabinet had approved setting up of NTA to conduct entrance examinations such as NET, NEET, JEE (Mains) for higher educational institutions.
  • The NTA would also conduct National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Common Management Admission Test (CMAT) and Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT).
  • So far, The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted NEET on behalf of the Medical Council of India and the Health Ministry and NET on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC).
  • The NTA would work as an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions.
  • It will be chaired by an educationist appointed by Human Resource Development Ministry.

Digital Locker docs, proof of identity in Indian Railways.

  • Ministry of Railways approves digital Aadhaar and Driving License from Digital Locker as proof of identity of passengers for undertaking journey by Train.
  • The documents are accepted only if a passenger shows the Aadhaar/Driving License from the ‘Issued Documents’ section by logging into his/her Digi Locker account.
  • However, the documents uploaded by the user himself/herself (i.e. the documents in ‘Uploaded Documents’ section will not be considered as a valid proof of identity.
  • Digi Locker is a secure cloud based platform for storage, sharing and verification of documents & certificates launched by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

International Round Table Conference on “Data for New India”

  • The Ministry of Statistics &Programme Implementation (MoSPI) is organizing a two-day International Round Table Conference “Data for New India” at New Delhi during 9-10th July, 2018.
  • The objective of the Round Table Conference is to identify innovative ideas for improving the statistical system in India, taking cue from the best practices followed in advanced countries like Canada, UK and Australia.
  • Such a Conference is being organized in India for the first time, the conference is expected to suggest measures paving way for initiating the reform process in the Indian Statistical System.

GS-I(History)

Cellular Jail visited by President:

  • The Vice President of India as visited the infamous Cellular Jail in Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
  • Valiant freedom fighters were confined solitarily and meted out most inhuman treatment by the British in the cellular jail.
  • The purpose of solitary confinement was to demoralize freedom fighters, keep them in small, solitary cells without any scope to interact with fellow prisoners and local people.

About Cellular jail:

  • The Cellular Jail, also known as Kālā Pānī was a colonial prison in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.
  • The prison was used by the British especially to exile political prisoners to the remote archipelago.
  • Many notable dissidents such as Batukeshwar Dutt, Yogendra Shukla and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, among others, were imprisoned here during the struggle for India’s independence.
  • The construction of the prison started in 1896 and was completed in 1906.
  • The original building was a puce-colored brick building.The bricks used to build the building were brought from Burma

GS-III (Defense)

Advanced Brahmos missile to hit enemy hidden in bunkers behind mountains
  • In order to target enemy bunkers hidden behind mountain ranges, an advanced version of the supersonic BrahMos missile is being developed that will have a “near vertical trajectory
  • Earlier they used to go for a simple trajectory or a cruise trajectory against a ship
  • Now working for a near vertical trajectory that would be very effective against the enemy hidden behind mountain,hidden in bunkers behind the mountains.
  • Earlier they conducted a 65-degree steep dive for the missile,now working for 90 degree steep dive missile.
  • Brahmos currently has a range of 300 kilometers and it has been tested for a range of about 415 kilometers.

INS Trikand

  • India’s latest frontline warship INS Trikand has reached Sri Lanka in a goodwill visit.
  • INS Trikand is a state-of-the-art warship of the Indian Navy equipped with a versatile range of weapons and sensors capable.
  • It can address threats in all three dimensions – air, surface and sub-surface.

GS-III(Environment)

Plans to bring down emission levels of old power plants to national standards by 2022
  • India has planned to bring down emission levels of all old power plants to national standards by 2022
  • There are chances that very old plants might be closed down
  • India is committed to Paris agreement, the NDC’s (Nationally Determined Contributions) at the same time there are development imperatives and India is one of the fastest growing economies, emissions levels are bound to rise.

Sports

India’s Bajrang Punia won gold medal at Tbilisi Grand Prix, Deepak won bronze

  • Indian wrestler Bajrang Punia won the gold medal at Tbilisi Grand Prix in Georgia with a 9-3 win over Iran’s Mehran Akbar Nasiriafrachali in the 65kg category final.
  • Deepak Punia won the bronze medal in the 86kg category by defeating Turkey’s Osman Gocen 5-3.
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