Spirit Of Sendai(Indian express summary-13th July 2018)

www.iasinsights.in ; www.iasgyaan.com posts Indian express summary about The need to work towards Sendai Framework

Spirit Of Sendai

Context:

  • Increased displacement of people due to floods, heavy monsoons, landslides,Cyclones etc around the globe.
  • Need to carry the Sendai framework effectively.

What to do?

Nations must have action plans to reduce risks of disasters.

Facts to be known:

  • Asia and the Pacific illustrates the chronic nature of displacement caused by extreme weather events and climate change
  • 18.8 million people were forced to run for their lives from floods, storms and earthquakes in 135 countries across the globe.
  • 11.4 million people from across East and South Asia and the Pacific islands.

Asia:

A million people have been displaced by heavy monsoon rains, floods and landslides in India and Bangladesh, where the cyclone season also threatens ·         Despite Early warning systems and improved preparedness, Asia still accounted for almost 50 per cent of the worldwide loss of life from disasters.

·         Economic losses were in the region of $34 billion, a loss which many developing countries can ill afford if they are to succeed in eradicating poverty.

Discussions at the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Ulaanbaatar, capital of Mongolia started early July to help the developing countries in eradicating poverty.

 

Objectives of the conference  Click to know more

  • Need for accelerated implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the global plan to reduce disaster losses that was adopted in Japan three years ago
  • The plan also sets a deadline of 2020 for a substantial increase in the number of countries with national and local strategies for disaster risk reduction.
  • It not only to reduce the scale of unnecessary losses but also achieve key sustainable development goals such as the eradication of poverty, the creation of resilient cities and action on climate change.
  • India had hosted the conference 2 years ago and both India and Mongolia have adopted national strategies aligned with the Sendai Framework’s priorities and both are investing in developing and maintaining national disaster loss databases, which are essential to guide risk-informed investment at the local level in critical infrastructure such as housing, schools, hospitals, public utilities and transport links.
  • Other countries need to follow what the both countries have done regarding reduction in disaster risk.

How to be implemented?

  • Local levels to make an inclusive approach to disaster risk management, one which includes the insights and experiences of those who may be marginalized and disproportionately affected by disaster events.
  • Women, girls, youth, older persons, persons living with disabilities and indigenous people should be actively recruited as agents of change in their communities.

Conclusion:

It is the human cost of disasters that is the most compelling argument for action. Real progress will bring down the numbers of families and people internally displaced by disasters.

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