www.iasinsights.in ; www.iasgyaan.com posts Hindu summary about Need to conserve Horn-bills in India.
Citizen science initiative helps save hornbills
- A recent citizen science initiative of documenting Indian horn-bills is providing valuable inputs for the conservation of this unique bird.
What is this initiative?
- The Horn-bill Watch initiative (www.hornbills.in) is an interactive web interface that allows a person to report on horn-bills anywhere in India.
- People can record the observation of a live horn-bill, note its call or report a dead, hunted or captive bird.
How will this data help?
- The data on the presence of horn-bills outside protected areas would be crucial in identifying and protecting their habitats from possible threats and development projects.
Species Distribution in India
- There are nine horn bill species in India.
- States from where the most sightings were recorded are Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
- Hornbills were reported from across 70 protected areas in the country. While 41% of the observations were made within protected areas, 59% were made outside.
Some Important Hornbills:
- The endangered Narcondam hornbill is restricted to an area of 6 sq.km. of the Narcondam Island in the Andaman.
- The rufous-necked hornbill is a vulnerable or near threatened species.
- Further, the Austen’s brown horn-bill and the great horn-bill were observed in several States in northeastern India.
- Other important species of hornbill include the oriental pied hornbill and the Indian grey hornbill.