In Parliament’s court(Hindu summary-1st Oct 2018)

www.iasinsights.in ; www.iasgyaan.com posts Hindu summary about Criminilization of politics.

In Parliament’s court

Context:

Need of legislation to clean electoral politics.

What is the issue?

  • Increased criminalization of politics.
  • The main reason is people’s  representatives believing in muscle power rather than good acts.

Some facts:

  • Data from the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) indicate that 179 out of the 543 elected Members of Parliament in the present Lok Sabha have some kind of criminal case pending against them.
  • Some of these may be of a frivolous nature,but many of these cases concern allegations of their involvement in serious crimes.
  • In the case of over 100 MP’s, the cases were of a very serious nature such as crimes against women and kidnapping. There seems to be very little improvement in this regard in the last five years.
  • In the previous Lok Sabha (2009), 163 had criminal cases pending against them, many of which were of a serious nature.
  • The profile of members of the Upper House is no better; of 228 members of the Rajya Sabha for whom data could be analysed, 20 have cases of serious crimes pending against them.
  • Among the Bharatiya Janata Party’s MP’s (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha), 107 (32%) have criminal cases pending against them. Of them, 64 (19%) have cases of serious crimes pending against them.
  • The Congress is only a shade better than the BJP; 15 MP’s (15%) have criminal cases pending against them, of whom eight (8%) have cases of serious criminal offences pending against them.
  • There is hardly any difference between the national and regional parties in this regard. In the Shiv Sena, 18 MP’s (86%) have criminal cases pending against them, of whom 10 (48%) are alleged to be involved in serious criminal cases.
  • Of all MPs, six each of the Nationalist Congress Party (55%) and the Rashtriya Janata Dal (67%) have serious criminal cases pending against them. Going by the ADR’s estimates, there are more than 1,500 MP’s and MLA’s in Parliament and State Assemblies with criminal cases pending against them.

What to be done?

  • Judiciary left the legislation matters to Parliament.
  • Though Judiciary is having the power of making the law it left the parliament to make an effective law.
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