Daily Current Affairs-1st Nov 2018

www.iasinsights.com ; www.iasinsights.in posts Daily Current Affairs from various newspapers and PIB.

 GS-II(Governance)

SC Collegium recommends names of 4 HC Chief Justices for elevation to Supreme Court

  • The Supreme Court collegium has recommended to the Centre the names of four high court chief justices for elevation as judges in the apex court.
  • The collegium headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and comprising the Supreme Court’s four-senior most judges has recommended the names of justices Hemant Gupta, R Subhash Reddy, M R Shah and Ajay Rastogi to the Centre for their elevation as judges of the top court, as per an October 30 resolution uploaded on the SC’s website.
  • Besides the CJI, the other members of the collegium are justices Madan B Lokur, Kurian Joseph, A K Sikri and S A Bobde.
  • Gupta is currently the chief justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court and Reddy the Gujarat High Court’s chief justice. While Shah is the incumbent chief justice of the Patna High Court, Rastogi is chief justice, Tripura High Court.

Govt not seeking message decryption; wants location, identity of sender of provocative messages on WhatsApp: IT Minister

  • The government has said that it has not sought decryption of WhatsApp messages but instead wants the location and identity of those misusing the platform to spread the fake news that provokes violence.
  • Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, after meeting WhatsApp Vice President Chris Daniels, asserted that the institutional integrity of the platform is maintained ahead of elections.
  • On the issue of traceability, Mr Prasad emphasised that when they talk of traceability they insist on location and identification of the sender of WhatsApp messages which lead to provocation of violence and other serious crimes.
  • The minister said that he has been assured by the WhatsApp leadership team that they will look into the matter and revert.
  • In an emailed response WhatsApp spokesperson appreciated that the Government confirmed its support for encryption and the privacy of WhatsApp users.

GS-II(International Affairs)

EAM Sushma Swaraj holds series of meetings with leaders in Kuwait

  • IndiaExternal Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj today held series of meetings with leaders in Kuwait to strengthen bilateral relationship between the two countries.
  • External Affairs Minister called on the Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah this morning and discussed positive developments in bilateral ties between the two countries.
  • While praising the role of Kuwait in the region, Sushma Swaraj also raised issues of concern to the Indian community.
  • Also discussed issues of bilateral concern and explored avenues for enhancing and further strengthening economic and investment cooperation.
  • India and Kuwait traditionally enjoy friendly relations, deep rooted in history and has stood the test of time. It is a reliable partner in India’s extended neighbourhood.

Qatar sets up support fund for migrant workers

  • Qatar has said it has set up a support fund for foreign workers who run into difficulties for not being paid, the latest in a series of UN-backed labour reforms. Doha State Media said the fund would support and care for workers, secure their rights and provide a healthy and safe work environment for them.
  • It is the latest reform announced by the host of FIFA World Cup 2022, which has come under intense international pressure over its treatment of migrant labourers.
  • Earlier this week, Doha said it had implemented the near abolition of the exit visa system, which requires foreign workers to obtain their bosses’ permission to leave the country.
  • The changes are part of a three-year agreement signed by Qatar last November with the UN’s International Labour Organization to oversee reform.

VP Venkaiah Naidu invites Botswana companies to invest in India

  • Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu has invited Botswana companies to invest in India.
  • He  inaugurated the 13th Annual Global Expo Botswana 2018 in Gaborone on the first day of his visit.
  • Showcasing the economic prowess of India, he reiterated Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s 10 guiding principles to strengthen India-Africa relationship. He also urged the stakeholders to take India-Botswana relations to newer heights.

Seoul and Washington to decide in the coming weeks whether to continue suspending large-scale joint military drills: South Korea’s Defence Minister

  • South Korea’s Defence Minister, Jeong Kyeong-doo has said Seoul and Washington will decide in the coming weeks whether to continue suspending large-scale joint military drills.
  • The Pentagon is not currently concerned about a degradation in military readiness, and both he and Jeong noted that smaller-scale collaborative training was ongoing.
  • After President Donald Trump’s meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in June this year, the US had said that it would suspend select exercises with South Korea, including the large-scale Ulchi Freedom Guardian exercises over the summer.
  • The two allies announced this month that they would also suspend a December drill called “Vigilant Ace” to give diplomats more time to negotiate with North Korea on its nuclear arsenal. 

GS-III(ECONOMY)

India jumps 23 places to 77th in ease of doing business ranking

  • India has jumped 23 places in ease of doing business ranking. It was at 100th place last year and now it is at 77th rank. India is now recognized as among top ten improves for the 2nd consecutive year.
  • It is now ranked first among South Asian countries compared to 6th rank in 2014.
  • GoI set the aim of reaching top 50 of the rankings and have improved steadily from 142 to 77 in the last 4 years.
  • Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, DIPP has worked on how to up the ranking on each criteria.
  •  India has moved up 53 ranks in the last two years, reflects the government commitment to implement progressive reforms.
  • It is all because of teamwork of Central government, State governments and Local government.
  • Government has taken several initiatives to improve Ease Of Doing Business in the districts which has led to overall improvement at the national level.

 

 GS-III(Science &Technology)

Deal inked for biofuel research

  • The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) has signed a three-year, ₹11 crore deal with The Energy and Research Institute to set up a centre to produce “advanced biofuels and bio-commodities.”
  • This is the fifth such dedicated centre for bioenergy-research and development set up by the Department.
  • The others are located at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi; the Indian Institute of Technology-Guwahati; Transtech Green Power Limited, Jaipur; and the Oil and Natural Gas Energy Centre in the National Capital Region.
  • The bio-centre would be focussed on not only developing technology but also commercializing it.

GS-III(Environment)

MoEF study to evaluate health effects of environment exposure in 20 cities

  • A National Environmental Health Profile Project, aimed at evaluating the quantum of health effects arising from environmental exposure, is underway at the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF).
  • The study will be carried out across 20 cities divided into four zones.
  1. North zone:Delhi, Ludhiana, Kanpur and Raipur will serve as test cities while Guwahati will be the referral city.
  2. South Zone: Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam and Chennai will be test cities and Thiruvananthapuram .
  3. West zone: Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Jaipur, Bhopal will serve as test areas while Panjim.
  4. East Zone: Patna, Kolkata, and two other cities will be test cities, and Shillong

The city where the pollution levels are not very high is taken as the referral city, and the cities with the higher pollution loads are taken as test cities where the study will be conducted.

  

 

 

 

 

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