Daily Current Affairs-29th Nov 2018

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Daily Current Affairs-29th Nov 2018

GS-I(Art & Culture)

Government launches Bhasha Sangam to introduce school students to 22 Indian languages

  • The government has launched a unique initiative called Bhasha Sangam to introduce school students to 22 Indian languages.
  • The initiative, under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat, was launched on 22nd of this month and will continue till the 21st of December.
  • Bhasha Sangam is a programme for schools and educational institutions to provide multilingual exposure to students in Indian languages.
  • Another objective of Bhasha Sangam is to enhance linguistic tolerance and respect and promote national integration.
  • There are 22 languages listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution but most students are familiar with only one or two languages.

 GS-II(Governance)

Nagaland ahead of national average on many HDIs: 15th Finance Commission Chairman

  • Chairman of the Fifteenth Finance Commission Mr. N K Singh said Nagaland is ahead of national average on many Human Development Indices (HDI) inspite of scanty resources.
  • During the meeting memorandums were submitted to the Commission by various stakeholders.
  • The Commission is positive with sympathetic and innovative approach in fostering the development of the economy of Nagaland.
  • The Commission acknowledged the infrastructure development especially in road and airport connectivity.
  • Mentioning that the state has made tremendous strides in horticulture, particularly Nagaland Coffee that has been attracting international buyers, he said certification will further increase its visibility.
  • The 14 member team of the Fifteenth Finance Commission led by the Chairman N K Singh will make a field visit to Touphema-Tourist Village tomorrow before concluding its tour.

Arvind Saxena appointed UPSC chairman

  • Arvind Saxena has been appointed as Chairman of Union Public Service Commission, UPSC.
  • According to an official release, the term of his appointment will be till 7th of August, 2020 when he attains 65 years.
  • Mr Saxena joined UPSC as a Member on 8th May, 2015 and has been performing duties of the post of Chairman, UPSC since 20th of June this year.

GS-II(International Affairs)

India, China ink protocol on hygiene & inspection requirements for exports

  • India and China have signed a protocol on hygiene and inspection requirements for the exports.
  • The commerce ministry said in a statement that a protocol on hygiene and inspection requirements for the exports was signed
  • The move would enable India to commence export of fish meal and fish oil to China. The neighbouring country has so far not allowed these exports by India.China imports fish oil to the tune of USD 143.29 million per year and fish meal worth USD 263.43 million.
  • Various issues of market access for different products like milk and milk products, agricultural goods like soy meal, fruits and vegetables, tobacco and pharmaceuticals were disussed.
  • India has been seeking market access for these items from China. China has earlier permitted imports of rice from India.

India calls for verifiable actions to end terror

  • India today called for verifiable actions to end terror safe havens, sanctuaries outside Afghanistan for sustainable peace, prosperity and stability of the war-torn country.
  • India supports all efforts for a political settlement in Afghanistan which are inclusive, promote unity, security, democracy and build a self-reliant and prosperous country.
  • For sustainable peace, prosperity and stability it is equally important that the international community continue to support the Afghan government, the people and the National Defence Forces of Afghanistan to combat terror and violence imposed on them and ensure that verifiable actions are taken to end safe havens and sanctuaries outside Afghanistan.
  • Condemning the “mindless terrorist violence” against the Afghan population, Singh said the people of Afghanistan yearn for peace, security and stability.

GS-III(Science & technology) 

PSLV-C-43 successfully puts earth observation satellite HysIS and 30 other satellites into Orbit

  • In one of the longest space flights, India’s workhorse rocket PSLV C-43 placed modern earth observation satellite HysIS and 30 other satellites from an eight different countries successfully into orbit this morning.
  • 23 of the customer satellite are from the US including the sole micro-satellite and one each from Australia, Canada, Columbia, Finland, Malaysia, the Netherlands and Spain.
  • With this launch, India will have an eye in the sky to capture the images of the earth surface in high definition. The satellite HysIS can send pictures and data in multiple frequencies with high resolution.
  • Information and Broadcasting Minister Colonel Rajyavardhan Rathore has congratulated ISRO team for the successful launch of PSLV C43.
  • The highlight of this launch, HysIS will be India’s first hyperspectral imaging satellite. He said it is a big victory for Indian science and technology.

GS-III( Environment)

UN climate talks need compromise, not stubbornness: UN chief

  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has urged world leaders to set aside stubbornness and instead compromise to seal a deal on implementing the Paris climate accord.
  • Guterres called on governments to show ambition and leadership to meet the climate challenges, adding that leadership is also the capacity to compromise.
  • Guterres will join delegates from nearly 200 countries at the UN climate conference COP24 that opens this Sunday in the southern Polish city of Katowice. The conference aims to agree on a plan to move forward on the 2015 climate deal.
  • World leaders have been trying to breathe new life into the Paris Agreement following the US decision to pull out of the deal and backsliding from several nations over commitments made.
  • The Paris climate deal is to take effect in 2020 and calls for limiting global warming to less than two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

EU sets goal to be ‘climate neutral’ by 2050

  • The European Union has urged government, businesses, citizens and regions to join it in an ambitious plan to cut emissions and make the bloc carbon neutral by 2050.
  • EU climate commissioner Miguel Arias Canete said in a press conference in Brussels today that block is kicking off a process to determine how Europe’s energy and climate policy will evolve between now and 2050.
  • Member states will submit their draft national climate and energy plans to the EU by the end of 2018.
  • While more homes will be insulated and transport will be modernised, the key plank of any successful strategy will be to reduce fossil fuel use in energy production by 80 per cent by 2050.

Fragile climate puts food security at risk: UN report

  • The UN Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) on Wednesday renewed appeals for better policies and technologies to reach ‘zero hunger’ around the world.
  • The call came as FAO in a report said, feeding a hungry planet is growing increasingly difficult as climate change and depletion of land and other resources undermine food systems.
  • The FAO and International Food Policy Research Institute released the report at the outset of a global conference aimed at speeding up efforts to achieve zero hunger around the world.
  • The report said, hunger is still most severe in Africa, but the largest number of undernourished people live in the Asia-Pacific region. It said, good public policies and technology are the keys to improving the situation.

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