Chabahar tidings (Hindu summary-26th Dec 2018)

www.iasinsights.com ; www.iasgyaan.com posts Hindu summary about Indian operations at Chabahar port

Chabahar tidings (India- Iran Relations)

  • Recently, the the first office of Indian Ports Global Limited at Iran’s Chabahar was opened. Also, India has taken over operations of the Shahid Beheshti port.
  • Experts believe that this is a milestone in India’s regional connectivity and trade game plan.

Larger Background and Strategic Importance of Chabahar:

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image source: steel 360
  • The development of the Chabahar port was first proposed in 1973 by the last Shah of Iran, though development was delayed by the 1979 Iranian Revolution.
  • As a matter of fact, the first phase of the port was opened in 1983 during the Iran–Iraq War as Iran began shifting seaborne trade east towards the Pakistani border in order to decrease its dependency on ports in the Persian Gulf which were vulnerable to attack by the Iraqi Air Force.
  • India and Iran first agreed to further develop the Shahid Beheshti port, one of the two ports in Chabahar, in 2003, but did not make much progress on account of sanctions against Iran.
  • India’s access to Chabahar is predominantly seen as a counter-balance to the port of Gwadar, on the south-western coast of Pakistan’s restive Balochistan province, run almost entirely by China as a part of its expansive China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
  • The Chabahar port opens up a permanent alternative route for trade with Afghanistan and Central Asia, given the hurdles in the direct route through Pakistan.

Editorial Analysis:

  • The opening of the first office of Indian Ports Global Limited at Iran’s Chabahar and the takeover of operations of the Shahid Beheshti port is a milestone in India’s regional connectivity and trade game plan.
  • It is important to note that the Chabahar port opens up a permanent alternative route for trade with Afghanistan and Central Asia, given the hurdles in the direct route through Pakistan.
  • The port also facilitates India’s role in Afghanistan’s development through infrastructure and education projects.
  • The port also gives India’s bilateral ties with Iran, a major oil supplier and potential trade market for India, a big fillip.
  • It is important to note that India has helped develop the Shahid Beheshti port with these outcomes in mind, and has been given the contract to manage it for 18 months.

Steps to be taken:

  • Experts point out that it will be important to operationalise the port quickly and smoothen the route to Afghanistan.
  • The decision by India, Afghanistan and Iran to hold an international event in February 2019 to promote Chabahar and to study ways to make the route more attractive and decrease logistic costs is timely.
  • Further, about 500 companies have registered with the Free Trade Zone authority there. While keeping timelines and delivery of New Delhi’s commitments will be key to the port becoming a regional hub for transit trade, steel and petrochemicals, it will be necessary to encourage Afghan companies to use the route more, in line with President Ashraf Ghani’s desire to have a commercial fleet under the Afghan flag setting sail from Chabahar.

Significance of Chabahar port:

  • Visions of Chabahar’s immense potential as a game-changer for prosperity and stability in the region must, however, necessarily be tempered by the reality of geopolitical challenges.
  • The Chabahar port has received a waiver from the U.S. sanctions on Iran for the moment, but these concessions could be withdrawn any time, given the constant upheaval in the administration.
  • Further, the possibility of the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan, after the pullout from Syria, will add to security concerns for Afghanistan and impact on the Chabahar route as well.
  • Meanwhile, the reconciliation process with the Afghan Taliban is likely to see the regional powers, the U.S. and Russia engaging Pakistan more. As a matter of fact, this could give Islamabad space to play spoiler in Chabahar, which is seen as a rival warm water port to Pakistan’s Gwadar.

Conclusion

  • Finally, given the fact that the Afghanistan government is hedging its bets on trade via Chabahar too is clear: in recent months, special cargo corridors have been opened with China, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Europe, Russia, the UAE, and Saudi Arabia, with more trade diverted through them than with traditional partners Pakistan and India.
  • With Chabahar, India has done well to keep a place in the intricate connectivity network of the region.
  • Finally, given all the competing interests that criss-cross over Chabahar, it will require sustained and nuanced diplomacy to stay ahead in this game.
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